The Brazilian Deprivation Index (IBP) is the first small area deprivation measure covering the whole of Brazil. Social and health inequalities are usually analysed in broad geographical areas such the municipality, state, or region. The IBP allows researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to analyse inequalities in much smaller areas facilitating more accurate assessments and targeting.
The index encompasses different domains of wealth, education and housing, and include:
- The percent of households with per capita income below half of the minimum wage
- Percent of people not literate above the age of 7
- Average percent of people living with inadequate access to sewage, water, rubbish collection and no toilet
The IBP is one of the results of the Social Policy & Health Inequalities (SPHI) project, a partnership between Cidacs and the Medical Research Council/Chief Scientist Office Social and Public Health Sciences Unit (MRC/CSO SPHSU) of the University of Glasgow. The project is funded by the National Institute for the Health Research (NIHR).